Recently, a national plan came out from China which was both surprising and happy to know how the nations are concerned about training their future generations and how they want to see them in a prominent place in the world. China’s economic development has been written about many times before and the world knows that today’s China is the second largest economy in the world, but awareness of China’s social aspects is equally necessary to understand Chinese society in the true sense.
So let’s talk about the national plan today which says that science and technology will be popularized in Chinese society. Yes, according to this new national plan introduced recently, China will reduce its population by 2025. At least 15 percent aspire to achieve scientific literacy. Scientific literacy here refers to an understanding of the true spirit of science, knowledge of basic science and scientific methods, and the ability to apply science to analysis and problem-solving.
The proportion of scientifically literate Chinese citizens was 10.56 percent in 2020, exceeding the 10 percent target set in the country’s 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020). Thus, the Chinese population is becoming more scientifically literate. , more and more people are expanding the application of scientific attitudes to understanding science and solving problems related to life and work. In terms of cities, Shanghai, Beijing, and Tianjin were ranked as the top three cities.
Goes, where the ratio of scientifically literate people is slightly higher than in other cities. Despite the significant achievements in the promotion of scientific literacy, Chinese authorities have shown inequality in scientific literacy between the urban and rural population of the country, demographics of men and women. and uneven access to quality education, continue to be major challenges and major barriers to scientific literacy that must be overcome. Earlier, China also successfully launched a campaign to improve the digital literacy and skills of the common people.
This thirty-day-long event was announced during the opening ceremony of the 5th Digital China Summit. A number of activities will be organized during the campaign, including forums, exhibitions, and lectures on digital skills and education, etc. It is worth noting that all leading institutions in China are participating in the campaign, including the Office of Central Cyberspace Affairs. Commission, various Ministries, Federations, and Institutions are involved. With the support of all these institutions, this campaign will help to increase the provision of digital resources and improve the digital education system.
On the other hand, there is a growing recognition worldwide that public scientific literacy is a fundamental component of long-term social and economic development. According to a study by the University of Michigan, about 28 percent of American adults in a developed country such as the United States are scientifically literate, which is slightly higher than the general adult population in other developed nations such as Britain and Japan. In this regard, China has improved its policies and legal framework to improve public scientific literacy. In 2002, the country enacted specific laws to promote scientific literacy.
Four years later, the State Council issued a document, which aimed to make 10 percent of the country’s population scientifically literate by 2020 and popularize science as a national policy. The number of professional and part-time science popularizers in the country has reached two million. In addition, a network of high-quality science and technology museums, mobile science and technology museums, science popularization caravans, and rural science popularization centers have been set up across China. Attitudes should be developed in a vigorous manner and the involvement of scientifically literate people in the economic and social development efforts of the country should be further promoted.